D-O LRT Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement

Draft Environmental Impact Statement for
the Durham-Orange Light Rail Transit Project

GoTriangle, in cooperation with the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), prepared this Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) and Draft Section 4(f) Evaluation to evaluate the proposed Durham-Orange Light Rail Transit (D-O LRT) Project. The DEIS evaluates the environmental, transportation, social, and economic impacts associated with the transportation improvements in the Durham-Orange (D-O) Corridor serving the cities of Chapel Hill and Durham in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina. Technical reports referenced in the DEIS are available in Appendix K.

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires the preparation of a DEIS for projects that involve a federal action, such as funding. The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations (40 C.F.R. §§ 1508.7 and 1508.8) define the impacts and effects that must be addressed and considered by federal agencies in satisfying the requirements of the NEPA process, which includes the following direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts:

•   Direct impacts or effects are caused by the action (D-O LRT Project) and occur at the same time and place. Direct impacts are discussed in each section of chapter 4.
•   Indirect impacts or effects are caused by the action and are later in time or farther removed in distance, but are still reasonably foreseeable. Indirect effects may include growth inducing effects and other effects related to induced changes in the pattern of land use, population density or growth rate, and related effects on air, water, and other natural systems, including ecosystems. Indirect effects are discussed in section 4.17.
•   Cumulative impacts are the impacts on the environment which result from the incremental impact of the action when added to other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable future actions regardless of what agency (Federal or non-Federal) or person undertakes such other actions. Cumulative impacts can result from individually minor but collectively significant actions taking place over a period of time. Cumulative impacts are discussed in section 4.17.

Note: The DEIS is a large document that has been divided into several files in PDF format, which you can read using Adobe Acrobat Reader or other PDF reader software. It may take several minutes to download the larger chapters, depending on your internet connection speed.

Public Review Period Now Closed

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency published the Notice of Availability for the D-O LRT Project’s DEIS in the Federal Register on Friday August 28, 2015, thus beginning the formal 45-day public review and comment period. The public review and comment period closed at 12:01 a.m. on October 14, 2015.

GoTriangle will held two public information sessions about the DEIS in advance of public hearings, on Tuesday, September 15 and Saturday, September 19You can view a presentation explaining the DEIS on YouTube.

Comments

The D-O LRT Project team encourages all interested and affected persons to continue to submit comments about the project by:

  • U.S. Mail:
    D-O LRT Project – DEIS
    c/o GoTriangle
    Post Office Box 530
    Morrisville, NC 27560
If you submitted comments on the DEIS during the 45-day public comment period, your comments will be included in the combined Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS)/Record of Decision (ROD). All substantive comments submitted will receive a response in the FEIS.

Please Note: Personal identifying information, comments, and other information supplied to Triangle Triangle may be subject to public disclosure under the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132.1 et seq.).

Draft Environmental Impact Statement

Title Page, Table of Contents, Abstract
[20 pages | PDF | 55 KB]

Executive Summary
[32 pages | PDF | 1.86 MB]

Executive Summary Errata Sheet
[3 pages | PDF | 214 KB] Errata sheet corrects a date error on page ES-31.

Chapter 1 | Purpose and Need
[24 pages | PDF | 1.25 MB]

Chapter 2 | Alternatives Considered
[48 pages | PDF | 3.78 MB]

Chapter 3 | Transportation
[80 pages | PDF | 4.79 MB]

Chapter 4 | Affected Environment and Environmental Consequences
[308 pages | PDF | 30.4 MB]

Chapter 5 | Environmental Justice
[38 pages | PDF | 2.86 MB]

Chapter 6 | Draft Section 4(f) Evaluation
[78 pages | PDF | 12.6 KB]

Chapter 7 | Project Costs
[8 pages | PDF | 154 KB]

Chapter 8 | Evaluation of Alternatives
[28 pages | PDF | 386 KB]

Chapter 9 | Public Involvement and Agency Coordination
[51 pages | PDF | 884 KB]

Appendix A - Acronyms and Abbreviations

Appendix A – Acronyms and Abbreviations
[9 pages | PDF | 2.25 MB]

Appendix B - Glossary of Terms

Appendix B – Glossary of Terms
[17 pages | PDF | 752 KB]

Appendix C - List of Preparers

Appendix C – List of Preparers
[6 pages | PDF | 695 KB]

Appendix D - Distribution List

Appendix D – Distribution List
[6 pages | PDF | 684 KB]

Appendix E - Legal and Regulatory Context

Appendix E – Legal and Regulatory Context
[19 pages | PDF | 911 KB]

Appendix F - References

Appendix F – References
[9 pages | PDF | 948 KB]

Appendix G - Agency Correspondence

Appendix G – Agency Correspondence
[244 pages | PDF | 46.1 MB]

Appendix H - Scoping Report

Appendix H – Scoping Report
[49 pages | PDF | 4.29 MB]

Appendix I – Environmental Justice

Appendix I – Environmental Justice
[17 pages | PDF | 1.52 MB]

Appendix J - Public Outreach

•   Appendix J1 – 2013 Public Meeting Materials
[39 pages | PDF | 6.78 MB]

•   Appendix J2a – 2014 Public Meeting Materials
[64 pages | PDF | 7.36 MB]

•   Appendix J2b – 2014 Public Meeting Materials
[41 pages | PDF | 14.8 MB]

•   Appendix J3a – 2015 Public Meeting Materials
[105 pages | PDF | 11.2 MB]

•   Appendix J3b – 2015 Public Meeting Materials
[81 pages | PDF | 15.2 MB]

•   Appendix J4 – Small Group and Property Owner Outreach
[47 pages | PDF | 10.0 MB]

•   Appendix J5 – Media Coverage and Website Usage
[7 pages | PDF | 845 KB]

•   Appendix J6 – Survey Results
[3 pages | PDF | 589 KB]

•   Appendix J7 – Public Comments and Hotline Log
[6 pages | PDF | 128 KB]

•   Appendix J8 – Steering, Technical and Communication Advisory Committee
[79 pages | PDF | 3.19 MB]

Appendix K - Technical Reports

•   Appendix K1 – Transit Operating Plan
[208 pages | PDF | 32.6 MB]

•   Appendix K2 – Travel Demand Methodology and Results Report
[51 pages | PDF | 1.9 MB]

•   Appendix K3 – Traffic Analysis Methodology Report
[26 pages | PDF | 5.82 MB]

•   Appendix K4 – UNC Hospitals Traffic Simulation Report
[64 pages | PDF | 19.7 MB]

•   Appendix K5 – Fordham Boulevard Traffic Simulation Report
[7 pages | PDF | 168 KB]

•   Appendix K6 – NC 54 Traffic Simulation Report
[166 pages | PDF | 21.3 MB]

•   Appendix K7 – Leigh Village Traffic Simulation Report
[87 pages | PDF | 19.9 MB]

•   Appendix K8 – Patterson Place Traffic Simulation Report
[98 pages | PDF | 16.4 MB]

•   Appendix K9 – University Drive Traffic Simulation Report
[273 pages | PDF | 33.2 MB]

•   Appendix K10 – Erwin Drive Traffic Simulation Report
[321 pages | PDF | 23.4 MB]

•   Appendix K11 – Downtown Durham Traffic Simulation Report
[810 pages | PDF | 33.1 MB]

•   Appendix K12 – Pedestrian and Bicycle Technical Report
[51 pages | PDF | 5.96 MB]

•   Appendix K13 – Environmental Methodology Report
[29 pages | PDF | 702 KB]

•   Appendix K14 – Neighborhood and Community Resources Report
[69 pages | PDF | 4.98 MB]

•   Appendix K15 – Visual and Aesthetics Technical Report
[112 pages | PDF | 8.71 MB]

•   Appendix K16 – Historic Resources – Area of Potential Effects
[29 pages | PDF | 11.1 MB]

•   Appendix K17 – Archaeological Resources – Area of Potential Effects
[28 pages | PDF | 4.96 MB]

•   Appendix K18 – Architectural Historic Survey Report
[246 pages | PDF | 33.2 MB]

•   Appendix K19 – Archaeological Background Information
[23 pages | PDF | 885 KB]

•   Appendix K20 – Architectural History Survey Report – Appendix A
[229 pages | PDF | 34.5 MB]

•   Appendix K20 – Architectural History Survey Report – Appendix B
[16 pages | PDF | 214 KB]

•   Appendix K21 – Natural Resources Technical Report
[791 pages | PDF | 45.5 MB]

•   Appendix K22 – Water Resources Technical Report
[159 pages | PDF | 15.9 MB]

•   Appendix K23 – Air Quality Technical Report
[392 pages | PDF | 5.0 MB]

•   Appendix K24 – Noise and Vibration Technical Report
[313 pages | PDF | 34.1 MB]

•   Appendix K25 – Limited Phase I Site Assessment
[103 pages | PDF | 4.05 MB]

•   Appendix K26 – Reserved for Future Use
[1 page | PDF | 206 KB]

•   Appendix K27 – Cost Estimate Technical Report
[45 pages | PDF | 642 KB]

•   Appendix K28 – Operations and Maintenance Cost Methodology Technical Report
[43 pages | PDF | 837 KB]

•   Appendix K29 – Operations and Maintenance Cost Results Technical Report
[34 pages | PDF | 407 KB]

•   Appendix K30 – Public Involvement Plan
[49 pages | PDF | 858 KB]

Appendix L - Basis for Engineering Design

Appendix M - 2040 Metropolitan Transit Plan

Appendix N - Section 106 Technical Reports